ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICES (ELD’S)
While the ELD mandate went into effect on December 18, 2017, the enforcement date was April 1, 2018. Most operators were compliant with the regulation prior to December, however, some drivers and companies delayed the implementation until the regulation was going to be enforced. The mandate’s impact has been significant even prior to April 1st, and we expect that trend to continue.
To be clear, the hours of service (HOS) allowance did not change. What did change was the driver’s ability to be flexible, especially during waiting or idle-time scenarios. The result is drivers are much more likely to decline moves which eat into their HOS. The cost of moves which delay the driver in any way, even 15 minutes, is going up. Without the “fudge factor,” those 15 minutes could be the difference between completing the move in one day or taking an additional day. That loss of productivity erodes driver pay. Hence all the headlines about increased trucking costs.
We have said it before, there are always bad apples out there trying to circumvent the law.
Take a look at the video above regarding cheating ELD’s.
It has been nearly three months since Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) became mandatory for commercial trucks. The result has been decreased capacity and increased pricing in ALL trucking sectors.
“Just ask the driver to wait” needs to be removed from our vernacular. Drivers no longer have any wiggle room and do not have the time to wait at the guard shack…to wait for a chassis to be unstacked…to wait for a problem to be resolved…to wait for a quality container to be found…to wait for service in the shipping/ receiving office…to wait in queues…to wait to be loaded/unloaded…to wait in traffic…to wait period.
These inefficiencies have been shouldered by the driver, but no more. There is a cost to these inefficiencies, and those costs are now being transferred to the cargo owner. To limit your exposure, take the waits out of the equation and get the trucks on the road.
Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) became mandatory for commercial trucks on December 18, 2017, and, almost immediately, there were reports of missed pick ups, late deliveries, canceled loads, lack of available drivers, and a whole host of other issues related to the constriction of capacity.
The truckload sector is certainly adversely affected as is the intermodal trucking market.
We have said it here before, but it warrants being repeated. It behooves everyone in the supply chain to tighten up their processes to improve driver productivity. Ignoring the issues and continuing down the path of requesting drivers to absorb the time it takes to chase after chassis or food grade equipment, absorb the delays at terminals, absorb the congestion on the roadways and absorb long loading/ unloading times will result in massive bottlenecks in the supply chain.
Please do your part. Even just a few minutes shaved off a drivers day will have a positive impact on the ability to complete the transaction and keep the cargo moving.
YES, VIRGINIA, INTERMODAL TRUCKING WILL BE NEGATIVELY IMPACTED BY ELD’S
We have been asked by many of our customers if the electronic logging device (ELD) mandate going into effect on December 18th will affect the movement of their ocean containers. The short answer is yes.
The longer answer is yes because…drivers may not be able to return to their home base and/or make their final delivery for the day in the available hours of service. This is especially true if drivers are held up along the way for any reason…terminal queues, terminal transactions taking more than an hour, chassis issues (shortages/repairs/chasing), container shortages, booking problems, container availability issues, chassis splits, traffic, congestion, weather, queues at guard shack, delays in unloading, etc.
All of these hurdles will inhibit the driver from completing his/her dispatch(s) for the day.
The end result is it will take more days to deliver the same number of containers, which will put a strain on driver capacity, even in the intermodal sector. Additionally, drivers will be earning less per day, and there will be upward pressure on the driver pay structure.
Remember, every minute counts. Even if a driver is 15 minutes from destination or home base and comes to the end of his/her hours-of-service clock, he/she has to stop or be in violation.
We call upon everyone in the supply chain to please do your part to ensure drivers remain moving and productive. It is in our collective best interest.
ELD’S SHRINK CAPACITY, EXACERBATE DRIVER SHORTAGE AND INCREASE RATES
We have covered the disrupting effects of electronic logging devices (ELD’s) in our newsletter over the past few months. The requirement will decrease capacity in an already tight market, which is resulting in price hikes. Rather than have us rehash the issue, read below just a few of the recent headlines on the subject:
Conditions for shippers worsen as rates rise, capacity shrinks
FreightWaves, October 31, 2017
Under pressure, US transport rates keep rising
JOC, October 27, 2017
America’s shortage of truck drivers could affect prices and cause delivery delays
CBS News, October 26, 2017
Shippers ready to “bear the brunt” of higher trucking rates as ELD implementation set to begin Dec
Logistics Management, October 23, 2017
Driver shortage could hit all time high this year
Truckinginfo, October 22, 2017
Freight rates poised for big surge
American Trucker, October 18, 2017
Truckload carriers pitch to hike rates driven by ELDs, driver pay, hot market
Transport Topics, October 16, 2017
ELD’S BRING SIZABLE RATE INCREASES
Electronic Logging Devices (ELD) will be mandatory on December 18, 2017, and there is no doubt this change will impact your supply chain. The use of ELD’s will constrict truck capacity and lead to rate increases. It is estimated truck rates will increase by 10% or more.
No matter the mode…full truckload, LTL, drayage…all commercial truck drivers are allowed to be on-duty for a total of 14 hours in a day, with maximum drive time of 11 hours in a day. Should the driver get hung up in traffic, at a marine terminal, at a loading or unloading location, or anywhere else on his journey and not be able to complete the delivery within the allowable hours of service (HOS), he will have to pull over and rest for 10 hours. Yes, even if he is minutes away from his destination. It is a hard, inflexible stop. No exceptions.
There was a last ditch effort by some in the trucking community to delay the implementation of the ELD mandate. However, the appeal fell on deaf ears with our federal legislators.
While Devine invests heavily in our safety program and closely monitors drivers’ HOS to ensure compliance, it is estimated 30% of the nation’s drivers apply “flexibility” with their paper logs. As a result, it could take longer to move your cargo, and, as an industry, it will take more drivers to move the same amount cargo.
The ever-present driver shortage is going to make it even more complicated.
Be prepared! Start a dialogue with your provider now.
ELD’S AND YOU
Electronic Logging Devices (ELD) will be required in all trucks beginning December 18, 2017. Currently, drivers keep track of their hours of service via a manual, paper log. ELD’s, on the other hand, will electronically monitor and record drivers’ on and off duty time.
While Devine enforces a strict policy adhering to the federal hours of service regulations, many motor carriers do not. For motor carriers and drivers stretching drivable hours, there will be a hard stop with ELD’s, and shipments that used to take two days to deliver may now take two and a half to three days. The end result is it will take more trucks to move the same amount of cargo, and truck capacity will tighten.
Much of the focus in the industry press has been limited to the affects of ELD’s on the truckload segment, which will certainly be impacted, but the drayage market will face similar constraints. ELD’s will be required for all interstate truck moves, and all container moves are considered interstate as the cargo came from or is destined for a location outside of your state.
The market is already seeing capacity constrict as motor carriers adopt ELD’s ahead of the deadline. When capacity decreases, rates increase…basic supply-demand principles at work.
We will keep you posted as the ELD mandate materializes.
One of Devine’s ELDs in action
Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) will be required in all trucks effective December 18, 2017. These devices will precisely measure driver hours of service. As a result, close planning and routing will be of utmost importance to ensure the driver can complete the delivery within the allowable hours of service.
While ELDs will affect all modes of trucking, the drayage market will be especially impacted. Congestion in and around marine and rail terminals, chassis and container shortages, booking and clearance issues, and myriad other roadblocks in getting containers moved will eat through available hours of service. Those delays will have negative repercussions in the number of moves a driver can do in a day.
If these congestion issues persist, drayage costs will rise due to lack of productivity, the necessity for pre-pulls, and drivers leaving the industry.